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SIMPLE PAST TENSE

1. Biçim

Regular verbs (Düzenli Fiiller): fiil+ed
Örnek: walked, showed, watched, played, smiled, stopped

Irregular verbs (Düzensiz Fiiller): listeyi görmek için tıklayınız.

Simple Past Tense (be, have, do):

Subject (Özne)
Verb (Fiil)

Be (olmak)

Have (sahip olmak)

Do (Yapmak)

I

was

had

did

You

were

had

did

He, she, it

was

had

did

We

were

had

did

You

were

had

did

They

were

had

did


Olumlu Şekli
a. I was in Japan last year
b. She had a headache yesterday.
c. We did our homework last night.

Olumsuz ve Soru Şekli
Not: "do" 'nun geçmiş zamandaki olumsuz ve soru şekli için "did"yardımcı fiilini kullanınız.
Örnek: We didn't do our homework last night.
"have" 'in geçmiş zamanda olumsuz şekli genellikle "did" yardımcı fiil ile yapılır fakat bazen de "had" e sadece "not" ekleyerek yapılmaktadır.
"have" in geçmiş zamanda soru yapılması ise "did" yardımcı fiil ile yapılmaktadır.

  • They weren't in Rio last summer.
  • We hadn't any money.
  • We didn't have time to visit the Eiffel Tower.
  • We didn't do our exercises this morning.
  • Were they in Iceland last January?
  • Did you have a bicycle when you were a boy?
  • Did you do much climbing in Switzerland?

Simple Past Tense, Düzenli Fiiller

Olumlu

Özne

fiil + ed

 

I

washed

 

Olumsuz

Özne

did not

Fiilin yalın hali

They

didn't

visit ...

Soru

Did

özne

Fiilin yalın hali

Did

she

arrive...?

Olumsuz soru

Did not

Özne

Fiilin yalın hali

Didn't

you

like..?

Örnek: to play, simple past tense.

Olumlu

Olumsuz

Soru

I played

I didn't play

Did I play?

You played

You didn't play

Did you play?

He,she,it played

He didn't play

Did he play?

We played

We didn't play

Did we play?

You play

You didn't play

Did you play?

They played

They didn't play

Did they play?

Not : For Olumsuz ve soru biçimlerinde geçmiş zamandaki tüm fiillerde, daima 'did' yardımcı fiilini kullanın.

Örnekler: Simple Past Tense, Düzensiz Filler

to go
a. He went to a club last night.
b. Did he go to the cinema last night?
c. He didn't go to bed early last night.

to give
d. We gave her a doll for her birthday.
e. They didn't give John their new address.
f. Did Barry give you my passport?

to come
g. My parents came to visit me last July.
h. We didn't come because it was raining.
i. Did he come to your party last week?

2. Kullanımı

Simple Past Tense geçmişte olmuş bitmiş olayları anlatmak için kullanılır. Geçmişteki zamanın bizen yakın yada uzak olması önemli değildir.

  • John Cabot sailed to America in 1498.
  • My father died last year.
  • He lived in Fiji in 1976.
  • We crossed the Channel yesterday.

Simple Past Tense aşağıdaki zaman zarflarıyla kullanılır.

  • frequency (sıklık zarfları):
    often, sometimes, always;
  • a definite point in time (geçmişteki belirli bir nokta):
    last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago.
  • an indefinite point in time (geçmişteki belirsiz bir nokta):
    the other day, ages ago, a long time ago etc.

Örnek Cümleler :

a. Yesterday, I arrived in London.
b. She finished her work at eight o'clock.
c. We saw a good film last week.
d. I went to the movie last night.
e. She played the guitar when she was a child.
f. He sent me a postcard five months ago.
g. John left ten minutes ago.